Some interesting docker commands

Posted on: September 17th, 2022 by Olu No Comments

Hi folks,

Here I will talk about a few interesting commads  to know when working with Docker.

First, what is Docker? According to wikipedia, Docker is a set of platform as a service (PaaS) products that use OS-level virtualization to deliver software in packages called containers. The service has both free and premium tiers. The software that hosts the containers is called Docker Engine. It was first started in 2013 and is developed by Docker, Inc. Docker can package an application and its dependencies in a virtual container that can run on any Linux, Windows, or macOS computer. This enables the application to run in a variety of locations, such as on-premises, in public (see decentralized computing, distributed computing, and cloud computing) or private cloud. When running on Linux, Docker uses the resource isolation features of the Linux kernel (such as cgroups and kernel namespaces) and a union-capable file system (such as OverlayFS) to allow containers to run within a single Linux instance, avoiding the overhead of starting and maintaining virtual machines. Docker on macOS uses a Linux virtual machine to run the containers.


How to log in to a Docker artifacts repository

docker login -u someuser -p somepassword the-login-url


To build an image, you do

docker build -t name_of_container /path/to/directory-with-dockerfile/

To use a different docker file, you do

docker build -t name_of_container --file=name-of-docker-file /path/to/directory-with-dockerfile/

So, if you’re in the directory with the Dockerfile, just do

docker build -t name_of_container .


How to tag your image

docker tag your-image:latest the-repo-url/path/to/your/your-image:latest


How to push your image to a repository

docker push the-repo-url/path/to/your/image:latest


How to list Docker containers using command

docker ps


How to list Docker images using command

docker image ls


How to start a container for a particular image, making it run in the background and keeping it running indefinitely (in case it doesn’t already run that way)

docker run -d ubuntu tail -f /dev/null

If running a container with a particular name, e.g. ubuntu, indefinitely in the background, do the following:

docker run -d -t ubuntu

How to log into a container and have a shell (good for debugging)

docker exec -it mycontainername /bin/sh


How to kill a container

docker kill <container-id>


That’s all for now. Till next time, happy software development.


Docker (software). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Docker_(software)

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